For use of information media; not an official record
Date: Tuesday 3 May 2011 (Afternoon)
Country under review: SOMALIA
Documents: National report A/HRC/WG.6/11/SOM/1; Compilation of UN information A/HRC/WG.6/11/SOM/2;Summary of stakeholders’ information A/HRC/WG.6/10/SOM/3; Troika: ANGOLA, MEXICO, THAILAND
Concerned country - national report
Represented by a 4-members delegation and headed by H.E. Ms. Zahra Mohamed Ali Samantar, State Minister at the Office of the Prime Minister, Transitional Federal Government.
- The political instability in Somalia has made the review difficult as the Transitional Federal Government has to deal with human rights violations which are not of its own making.- The Transitional Federal Government has drafted a legal framework within which human rights are protected. - A new Federal Constitution is to be drafted within two and half years of the formation of an Independent Federal Constitutional Commission and to be adopted by popular referendum thereafter. - Despite the widespread practice of female genital mutilation in Somalia, the delegation noted that female genital mutilation is prohibited by Islam and covered by the Somali Penal Code.- Lack of food is a clear danger in Somalia, and in internally displaced persons camps.- On March 2011, the Government opened a primary and intermediate school to offer free education in Mogadishu- Somalia is a State party to the 1949 Geneva Conventions and is bound by International Humanitarian Law.- The Government issued strict guidelines against the recruitment of child soldiers into armed forces.- There is a necessity to deal with past atrocities, justice and reconciliation.- Somalia is facing multiple challenges: poverty, insecurity and lack of fully functional institutions.- A representative of Puntland noted that piracy has been a problem for international shipping and to local trade.- Puntland requested funds and support for governance efforts.- The key role of women in peace building was also raised.
Number of States taking part in the discussion
-Member States: 35 Inscribed on the list: 67-Observer States: 32 Statements not delivered: 10
- Efforts to improve the human rights in Somalia, despite the challenges and difficulties that Somalia faces.- Positive commitment of the Government to eradicate the practice of female genital mutilation.- The willingness to eradicate the enrolment of child soldiers.- The drafting of the Constitution is recognized as a fundamental step.- Willingness of the Government to sign the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discriminations Against Women and the Convention of the Rights of the Child.- The willingness of the State to be assisted by international experts in its efforts to promote and protect human rights.- The intention to create an independent national human rights institution.-The commitment of the Transitional Federal Government to improve the living standards of persons by providing education and health services.
Issues and questions raised
- Internally displaced persons do not have access to basic needs.- The high rate of victims of female genital mutilation.- The impunity for violations of human rights and the absence of punishment for those violations.- The recruitment of child soldiers by armed forces.- Violence against women and children.- The status of freedom of speech and the situation of journalists.- Measures to reinforce the independence of justice.- The need to ensure to the international community and humanitarian workers access to the Somali territory.- Gender based violence and discrimination against women, including in internally displaced persons camps.- The increasing number of refugees.- The need to reinforce the rule of law and to punish human rights violators.
- To implement an action plan for human rights.- To strengthen capacities in education.- To improve the situation of internally displaced persons.- To ensure that police forces do not include persons under the age of 18.- To promote gender equality.- To address the serious violations of human rights against women.- To continue to request technical assistance and capacity-building from the UN Human Rights Office and the international community.- To ratify the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.- To establish a moratorium on the death penalty.- To uphold freedom of expression and guarantee the protection of journalists.
Response of the concerned country
- The Somali Government is considering signing the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discriminations Against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.- Somalia is willing to eliminate female genital mutilation.- The Government requires the assistance of experts in order for it to better comply with International Humanitarian Law.- Somalia ensures to create a healthy environment for freedom of expression.- To train and advise armed forces in International Humanitarian Law.- The Transitional Federal Government is considering putting a moratorium on the death penalty.- The Government wishes to make accountable all those responsible of human rights violations during the conflict.
Adoption of the report by the UPR working group scheduled on: Thursday, 5 May 2011, 17:30 – 18:00
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