Special procedures mandates of the Human Rights Council, such as the Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice, can intervene directly with Governments on allegations of violations of human rights that come within their mandates by means of letters which include urgent appeals and other communications.

Interventions of the Working Group via communications deal with allegations related to laws, policies or practices that discriminate against women and girls in general and allegations of human rights violations on cases involving an individual woman or girl, or a particular group of women and girls.

To learn more about the communication process of the Special Procedures, including on how to submit information to the Working Group, please visit the webpage “Communications”. The totality of the letters sent by the Working Group since its establishment in 2011 and replies received from Governments can be accessed here by selecting the mandate “women in law and in practice”. They can also be reviewed by region and by country.

Communications by the mandate to States on national laws, regulations, policies, and practices are made available below, pending the publication of the periodical communication reports of the Special Procedures to the Human Rights Council.

Recent communications on national laws, regulations, policies and practices

United States of America



Criminalisation of adultery in 33 countries