Call for input – Visit to Mongolia (2-11 September 2019)

The United Nations Independent Expert on foreign debt and human rights, Mr. Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, will conduct a country visit to Mongolia from 2 to 11 September 2019 at the invitation of the Government.

The Independent Expert’s visit will focus on issues including, but not limited to, the impact of public debt, economic reforms, tax and fiscal policies, on the realization of human rights.

During his 10-day visit, he will meet with government authorities, members of the legislature and judiciary, international organizations, civil society organizations, academics and other stakeholders. At the conclusion of the visit, the Independent Expert will present his preliminary findings at a press conference and subsequently submit a final report to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva in March 2020.

Call for input

The Independent Expert invites all interested individuals and organizations to provide input for the preparation of his visit to Mongolia. While all submissions are welcome, the Independent Expert is specifically interested in receiving input and comments on the following topics:

  • The effects of structural adjustment, fiscal consolidation and economic reform policies on the realization of human rights, particularly amongst the most vulnerable and marginalized.
  • Issues related to debt management, sustainability and debt restructuring.
  • Good practices in the field of economic, financial and budgetary policies from a human rights perspective.
  • The implementation of economic policies and programmes aiming at ensuring debt stability, economic recovery and inclusive growth and their effects on human rights
  • Recent measures and reforms adopted in various areas (e.g. social protection and public services and the public sector, state owned enterprises, the development of specific economic sectors and foreign direct investments).
  • International development assistance and lending to Mongolia from different international financial and multilateral institutions. In this context, integration of human rights standards in development financing, free trade agreements, bilateral investment agreements and development cooperation.  
  • Consistency of debt, tax and monetary strategies from a human rights perspective.
  • Tax and fiscal policies from a human rights perspective; Tax revenue collection and public spending, giving adequate consideration to human rights and gender equality.
  • Issues related to illicit financial flows.   
  • Integration of human rights in the public and private financial sector of Mongolia and inclusion of human rights standards in financial products, asset management and lending policies of private banks and public lending institutions, including microfinance.
  • Regions, provinces, districts, or cities in Mongolia that the Independent Expert should visit for the purpose of examining specific cases.
  • Governmental authorities, public institutions, civil society organizations, academics and experts that the Independent Expert should meet with during his visit.

Respondents are requested to limit their comments to a maximum of 1,500 words. Additional supporting materials, such as reports, academic studies, and other types of background materials may be annexed to the submission.

Submissions can be sent to by 23 August 2019.  By default, all submissions will be treated as confidential and the input received will not be attributed to specific individuals or organizations.

However, if you would like your submission to be published on the Independent Expert’s webpage, please explicitly indicate consent to publication in the submission.

If you would like to send your input via encrypted email, please send a message to, requesting an encrypted communication.  If you have any concerns about digital security, you may wish to contact an organization working on these issues. The organization Access Now has a free digital security helpline to help keep individuals and organizations safe online. Inquiries can be sent to

Media inquiries

Media inquiries, including requests to join the Independent Expert’s press list, may be directed to Frédérique Bourque ( or Junko Tadaki (

A media advisory about the visit will be issued in August, including details of the press conference at the end of the visit on 11 September. 

Please note that before and during the visit, the Independent Expert’s engagement with media will be limited to commenting on the scope of the visit, areas the Independent Expert will be visiting, and other logistical aspects.

The Independent Expert will be in a position to comment on his substantive findings and conclusions, only at the press conference and thereafter.

For regular updates on the visit and other work of the Independent Expert, follow the Independent Expert’s Twitter: @IEfinanceHRs