Ratification of the Basel Ban Amendment: Letters to several States
In May 2019, the Special Rapporteur wrote to several governments urging them to expedite ratification of the
"Ban Amendment" to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, designed to prohibit hazardous waste exports from Member States of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and the European Union, and Liechtenstein, to developing countries. At a time when the People's Republic of China and other States have erected national import bans and restrictions to stop a deluge of waste from foreign countries, the Special Rapporteur raised my concern about redirection of this waste to various other countries because it stands to exacerbate already existing environmental and social challenges in these countries.
Letters were addressed to Bahamas (OL BHS 1/2019), Brazil (OL BRA 7/2019 and response dated
26 Jul 2019), Comoros (OL COM 1/2019), Costa Rica (OL CRI 2/2019), Croatia (OL CRO 2/2019 and response dated
24 Jun 2019), Cuba (OL CUB 3/2019), Democratic Republic of the Congo (OL COD 3/2019), Pakistan (OL PAK 3/2019), Saint Kitts and Nevis (OL KNA 1/2019), Senegal (OL SEN 1/2019), Viet Nam (OL VNM 3/2019).
Following the ratification of Saint Kitts and Nevis on 29 August 2019, and of Croatia on 6 September 2019, the Ban Amendment became international law, and entered into force in December 2019. See also the January 2020 letter to the Republic of Korea (KOR 1/2020), similarly urging expedited ratification of the Ban Amendment.