Freedom of Opinion and Expression - Annual reports

Annually, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression is required to submit a report to the United Nations Human Rights Council and the General Assembly covering the activities relating to the mandate, containing recommendations to Member States and other stakeholders, and providing suggestions on ways and means to better promote and protect the right to freedom of opinion and expression in all its manifestations.

The table below lists all thematic reports by dates. Thematic issues addressed in these reports can also be viewed by theme on the ‘Issues in Focus’ page.

Special Rapporteur reports to the Human Rights Council (HRC) and the General Assembly (GA)

Year

Symbol number

Subject

2020

A/75/261

View report page

Academic freedom

Statement delivered to the General Assembly

A/HRC/44/49

View report page

Disease pandemics and the freedom of opinion and expression

A/HRC/44/49/Add.2

Artistic Freedom of Expression

 

2019

A/74/486

View report page

Online hate speech

A/HRC/41/35

View report page 

Surveillance and human rights

A/HRC/41/35/Add.3

Overview of submissions received

A/HRC/41/35/Add.4

Summary of an expert's consultation

2018

A/73/348

View report page

Artificial Intelligence technologies and implications for the information environment

A/HRC/38/35

View report page

Online content regulation

A/HRC/38/35/Add.1

Supplementary annex accompanying the thematic report

2017

A/72/350

View report page

Access to information in international organizations
Statement delivered to the General Assembly

A/HRC/35/22

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The role of digital access providers

A/HRC/35/22/Add.4

Supplementary material accompanying the thematic report

2016

A/71/373

View report page

Contemporary challenges to freedom of expression

A/HRC/32/38

View report page

Freedom of expression, states and the private sector in the digital age

 

States and civil society submissions

2015

A/70/361

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The protection of sources and whistleblowers

 

States and civil society submissions

A/HRC/29/32

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The use of encryption and anonymity to exercise the rights to freedom of opinion and expression in the digital age

 

States and civil society submissions

2014

A/69/335

The right of the child to freedom of expression

A/HRC/26/30

The right to freedom of expression in electoral contexts

2013

A/68/362

The right to access information

A/HRC/23/40

The implications of States’ surveillance of communications on the exercise of the human rights to privacy and to freedom of opinion and expression

A/HRC/23/40/Corr.1

Corrigendum

2012

A/67/357

Hate speech and incitement to hatred

A/HRC/20/17

The protection of journalists and media freedom

2011

A/66/290

The right to freedom of opinion and expression exercised through the Internet

A/HRC/17/27

Key trends and challenges to the right of all individuals to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds through the Internet  

A/HRC/17/27/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

A/HRC/17/27/Add.1/Corr.1         

Corrigendum

2010

A/HRC/14/23

Groups in need of attention, limitations to the right to freedom of expression, and protection of journalists  

A/HRC/14/23/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

A/HRC/14/23/Add.2

Tenth anniversary joint declaration: Ten key challenges to freedom of expression in the next decade

2009

A/HRC/11/4 

Limitations to the right to freedom of expression, safety and protection of journalists and media professionals in conflict zones, and right of access to information in situations of extreme poverty

A/HRC/11/4/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2008

A/HRC/7/14

Access to information, safety and protection of journalists and media professionals, legal restrictions on freedom of expression, and freedom of opinion and expression and the realization of other human rights

A/HRC/7/14/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2007

A/HRC/4/27

Thematic visit to Denmark, Internet governance and digital democracy, decriminalization of defamation offences, and security and protection of media professionals

A/HRC/4/27/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2006

E/CN.4/2006/55

Internet governance and human rights, freedom of expression and defamation, and security and protection of media professionals

E/CN.4/2006/55/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2005

E/CN.4/2005/64

implementing the right of access to information and protection and security of media professionals

E/CN.4/2005/64/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2004

E/CN.4/2004/62

Implementing the right to access to information, access to information for purposes of education on and prevention of HIV/AIDS, and the right to freedom of expression and counter-terrorism measures

E/CN.4/2004/62/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2003

E/CN.4/2003/67

Access to information for the purposes of education on and prevention of HIV and the right to freedom of expression and counter-terrorism measures

E/CN.4/2003/67/Add.1

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2002

E/CN.4/2002/75

World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, events of 11 September, broadcasting, and the Internet

E/CN.4/2002/75/Add.2

Summary of cases transmitted to Governments and replies received

2001

E/CN.4/2001/64

Non-State actors, new technologies, and women

2000

E/CN.4/2000/63

Access to information, criminal libel and defamation, the police and the criminal justice system, and new technologies

1999

E/CN.4/1999/64

The right to seek and receive information, national security laws, criminal libel, new information technologies, and women and freedom of expression

1998

E/CN.4/1998/40

The right to seek and receive information, the media in countries of transition and in elections, the impact of new information technologies, national security, and women and freedom of expression

1997

E/CN.4/1997/31

Terms of reference, activities, and country situations

1996

E/CN.4/1996/39

Terms of reference, activities, and country situations

1995

E/CN.4/1995/32

The nature and scope of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and restrictions and limitations to the right to freedom of expression

1994

E/CN.4/1994/33

Terms of reference, methods of work, and resources


Special Procedures
​Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and opinion
​Recent thematic reports
​Contact information

Ms. Irene Khan
Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
OHCHR-UNOG
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneve 10, Switzerland

Fax: +41 22 917 9006
Email: freedex@ohchr.org

External links