Report on encryption, anonymity, and the human rights framework

Published
22 May 2015
Author
Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
Presented
To the HRC, 29th session

Summary

In this report, the Special Rapporteur addresses two linked questions: First, do the rights to privacy and freedom of opinion and expression protect secure online communication, specifically by encryption or anonymity? And second, assuming an affirmative answer, to what extent may governments, consistent with human rights law, impose restrictions on encryption and anonymity? The report seeks to answer these questions, review examples of State practice, and propose recommendations.

The Special Rapporteur also prepared an additional companion document providing additional sources for those interested in additional research that supports the conclusions drawn in the report.

Inputs received

Member States

NGOs and Civil Society Organizations


Special Procedures
​Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and opinion
​Recent thematic reports
​Contact information

Ms. Irene Khan
Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
OHCHR-UNOG
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneve 10, Switzerland

Fax: +41 22 917 9006
Email: freedex@ohchr.org

External links