​​Comments on legislation and policy

In this page, the UN Special Rapporteur shares all comments provided by the mandate to States on national laws, regulations and policies. The mandate regularly provides comments on the adequacy of normative and policy developments with international standards for the right to freedom of opinion and expression.

See below a list of letters concerning national norms sent since 2011 by the UN special rapporteur and the responses from Government to these communications. 


Recent communications

France

  • 20 August 2019 – Draft law on online hate speech (“proposition de loi visant à lutter contre les contenus haineux sur Internet”) – OL FRA 6/2019
    Government reply: 23/08/2019

Facebook

Russian Federation

  • 1 May 2019 – Amendments to the law on “Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” and Amendments to the “Code of Administrative Offenses on the distribution of foreign print media” – OL RUS 4/2019

Singapore

Australia

India

  • 14 February 2019 – The Information Technology [Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018 –
    IND 3/2019

United States of America

  • 14 February – proposed law "S.1—Strengthening America’s Security in the Middle East Act of 2019" –
    USA 2/2019

Malaysia

  • 28 December 2018 – Proposed and adopted legislation in the area of sedition, press freedom, defamation, “fake news”, etc. – OL MYS 6/2018

Ireland

  • 5 November 2018 – Digital Safety Commissioner Bill – OL IRL 1/2018
    Government reply: 31/12/2018

Ecuador

  • 11 January 2019 -  Legislación que modifica la Ley Orgánica de Comunicación– OL ECU 1/2019
  • 11 December 2018 - Proyecto de Ley Orgánica de Organizaciones sin Fines de Lucro – OL ECU 5/2018


All communications sent since 2011 divided by country

Apple

  • 4 August 2017: Removal of VPN applications from Apple Store in China - OTH 16/2017

Azerbaijan

  • 10/12/2012 – Amendments to Law on Freedom of Assembly, the Administrative Offences Code and the Criminal Code. -  AZE 5/2012
    Government reply: 16/08/2013

Argentina

  • 26 April 2018: proyecto de ley por el que se regula la responsabilidad de los intermediarios de Internet -
    OL ARG 1/2018

Australia

  • 04/09/2014 - Draft Workplaces (Protection from Protestors) Bill AUS 3/2014
    Government reply: 05/11/2014 and 23/12/2014
  • 12/02/2016- Amendments to criminal code « Prevention of Lawful Activity Bill » in the state of Western Australia – AUS 1/2016
    Government reply: 13/04/2016
  • 15 February 2018: Submission to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security’s call for submission on National Security Legislation Amendment (Espionage and Foreign Interference) Bill 2017 –  AUS 2/2018
  • 11 September 2018 - Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Assistance and Access) Bill 2018 – OL AUS 5/2018
    Government reply: 21 November 2018

Bahrain

Bangladesh

  • 14 May 2018 – draft Digital Security Act – OL BGD 4/2018  
  • 23/10/2012 - Foreign Donations Regulation draft law- BGD 7/2012
    Government reply: 25/10/2012
  • 29/10/2013 - Amended Information and Communication Technology Act - BGD 11/2013
    Government reply: 31/10/2013
  • 02/07/2014 - Latest version of the draft Foreign Donations (Voluntary Activities) Regulation Act 2014 - BGD 3/2014
    Government reply: 08/07/2014
  • 12/12/2014- National Broadcast Policy 2014- BGD 5/2014  
    Government reply : 09/01/2015

Bolivia

  • 30/10/2014 - Reglamento parcial 1987 de la Ley 351 de Otorgación de Personalidades Jurídicas - BOL 3/2014
    Government reply: 02/01/2015

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

  • 25/09/2014 - Shariah Penal Code OrderBRN 1/2014
    Government reply: 13/11/2014
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement  - BRN 1/2016

Burundi

  • 18/02/2013 - Draft law modifying Law No. 1/025 (Regulating the press)BDI 1/2013

Cambodia

  • 3 April 2018 – “Draft minimum wage law” – KHM 3/2018

Cameroun

  • 08/01/2014- Law 962 on Counter-terrorismCMR 2/2014

Canada

  • 17 April 2018 - Comments on the telecommunications and entertainment industry coalition’s application to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission pursuant to sections 24, 24.1, 36 and 70(1)(a) of the Telecommunications Act 1993 to "disable on-line access to piracy sites" – CAN 1/2018 
  • 24/05/2012 -  Law regarding the settlement of the city of Montreal and law No. 78CAN 1/2012
    Government reply: 23/07/2012, 01/10/2012 and 13/06/2013
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – CAN 1/2016
    Government reply: 02/05/2016  and 14/06/2016

Chile

  • 23/01/2012 - Proyecto de Ley que Fortalece el Resguardo del Orden Público - CHL 1/2012
    Government reply: 13/03/2012 and 07/09/2012
  • 02/11/2012 - Proyecto de Ley que Fortalece el Resguardo del Orden Público - CHL 5/2012
    Government reply: 07/01/2013
  • 20/04/2016- Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – CHL 2/2016

China

Committee on NGOs of the Economic and Social Council

Democratic Republic of Congo 

  • 15 November 2017 – Draft bill on the regulation of NGOsCOD 2/2017

Ecuador

  • 19/07/2012 - Proyecto de Ley Orgánica de Comunicación - ECU 1/2012
    Government reply: 03/09/2012
  • 14 octubre 2016: Ley Orgánica de Comunicación de su país, y los efectos adversos a la libertad de expresión y de opinión que resultan de su puesta en práctica - OL ECU (6.2016)

Egypt

  • 12/02/2013 - Two draft laws on associations and on assembly EGY 4/2013
  • 14/01/2014 - Draft of the new Constitution as approved by the Egyptian Constituent Assembly EGY 1/2014
    Government reply: 29/01/2014 and 09/09/2014
  • 12/06/2015- Implementation of NGO- LawEGY 10/2015
    Government reply: 18/08/2015
  • 19/08/2015 - Law on censorship of artistic works and on artistic expressionEGY 9/2015
    Government reply: 31/05/2016
  • 9 August 2018- Amendments to the Press and Media Law – EGY 13/2018

European Union

  • 7 December 2018 - Proposal for a Regulation on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online – OL OTH 71/2018
  • 13 June 2018: draft directive on copyright in the digital single market OTH 41/2018

France

  • 03/02/2015- Law no.2014-1353 on counter-terrorismFRA 1/2015 
    Government reply: 09/04/2015
  • 28/12/2015 - Law no.2015/1556 on surveillance of international electronic communication, and law on state of emergencyFRA 7/2015
    Government reply: 26/02/2016
  • 28 May 2018 – Draft bills on “fake news” – FRA 5/2018
    Government reply: 26 July 2018

Gambia

  • 16/07/2013- Amendments on the Information and Communication Act - GMB 1/2013

Germany

Guatemala

  • 22 March 2018: Iniciativa de Ley 5266 para reformar el Código Penal de Guatemala - GTM 3/2018
  • 10/03/2014 -Iniciativa de Ley para la Circulación por Carreteras Libres de Cualquier Tipo de Obstáculos - GTM 1/2014
    Government reply: 08/05/2014

Honduras

  • 7 June 2018- iniciativa legal sobre ciberseguridad y medidas de protección ante los actos de odio y discriminación en internet y redes sociales HND 6/2018

Hungary

Indonesia

  • 31/08/2012 - Bill on Societal Organizations - IDN 11/2012

Ireland

  • 5 November 2018 – Digital Safety Commissioner Bill – OL IRL 1/2018

Israel

  • 03/03/16 – Draft legislation “Transparency Law” –ISR 1/2016

Italy

  • 20 March 2018:  "red button" operational protocol for the « Fight Against the Diffusion of Fake News through the Web », announced on 18 January 2018 - ITA 1/2018
    Government reply – May 2018

Japan

  • 19/11/2013 - Draft Special Secrets Bill JPN 1/2013
    Government reply: 31/01/2014 and 20/06/2014
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – JPN 2/2016

Jordan

Kazakhstan

  • 7 November 2018 – Draft law on distribution of information related to LGTBI – OL KAZ 5/2018
  • 6/10/2015 and 15/10/2015- Draft law on activities of Non-Governmental OrganizationsKAZ 3/2015 and KAZ 4/2015
    Government reply: 26/10/2015

Kenya

  • 26 July 2017 - Guidelines for Prevention of Dissemination of Undesirable Bulk Political SMS and Social Media Content via Electronic Communications Networks - OL KEN 10/2017
  • 15/11/2013 –Bill amending two Acts: the Public Benefits Organizations Act and the National Youth Council ActKEN 8/2013
  • 18/12/2014- Draft Security Laws BillKEN 7/2014 

Kyrgyz Republic

  • 30/09/2013 – Draft law on “Non-commercial organizations fulfilling the role of foreign agents” KGZ 2/2013
    Government reply: 22/11/2013 
  • 06/05/2014 – Draft Bill “On the formation of a positive attitude toward non-traditional forms of sexual relations” KGZ 1/2014
  • 23/09/2014 – Amendments to the laws governing non-profit organizationsKGZ 5/2014

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

  • 07/11/2014- Decree No. 327 on Internet-Based Information Control/ManagementLAO 1/2014
  • 29/05/2015- Draft decree on Associations and FoundationsLAO 1/2015
  • 06/05/2016- Decree on Press Activities of Foreign Media, International Organizations and Diplomatic Missions – LAO 2/2016

Latvia

  • 15/04/2016 – Draft legislation amending criminal law provisions on national security – LVA 1/2016
    Government reply: 09/06/2016

Libya

  • 09/01/2013 – Law no. 65/2012 regulating peaceful protests LBY 3/2012    

Malaysia

  • 01/10/2014- Sedition Act of 1948MYS 6/2014
    Government reply: 14/10/2014
  • 23/12/2014 – Implementation of Sedition ActMYS 8/2014
    Government reply: 15/03/2016
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – MYS 5/2016
  • 3 April 2018 – “Anti-Fake News” Bill – MYS 1/2018
    Government reply – 11 June 2018
  • 5 July 2018 – Communications and Multimedia Act and the Malaysia Communications and Multimedia Commission Act – MYS 2/2018

Maldives

  • 26/05/2016 – Draft law on “Protection of Reputation and Good Name and Freedom of Expression Bill”MDV 1/2016

Mauritania

Mexico

  • 12 November 2018 – Ley de Seguridad Interior – OL MEX 16/2018
  • 18/08/2014- Decreto N ° 159 que modifica e introduce nuevas disposiciones a la Ley Orgánica de la Procuraduría General de JusticiaMEX 15/2014
    Government reply: 21/10/2014
  • 20/04/2016- Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement – MEX 3/2016

Montenegro

  • 02/03/2015- Fast-tracked adoption of revised Public Assembly ActMNE 1/2015
    Government Reply: 29/04/2015

Mozambique

Myanmar

  • 18/03/2013- Decree on the Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession MMR 1/2013
  • 19/06/2014- Draft bill on Religious Conversion MMR 4/2014
    Government reply: 25/07/2014

Nepal

  • 24/07/2015- Draft ConstitutionNPL 1/2015
  • 11 July 2018 -  National Integrity and Ethics Policy 2074 (Policy) – NPL 1/2018

Nigeria

  • 13/06/2013- Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill NGA 4/2014 and NGA 1/2016
  • 18/07/2014 and 10/02/2016- Draft Act to Regulate the Acceptance and Utilization of Financial/Material Contribution of Donor Agencies to Voluntary Organizations and for Matters Connected TherewithNGO 4/2014 and NGA 1/2016

Oman

  • 26 March 2018 - Royal Decree No. 7/2018 amending the Penal Code – OMN 1/2018

Pakistan

  • 08/07/2016 – “Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act” - PAK 8/2016
  • 07/03/2014- Foreign Contributions Bill PAK 3/2014
  • 14/12/2015 - Draft Cyber-Crime BillPAK 13/2015
    Government reply: 15/01/2016

Palestine 

Paraguay  

Peru

  • 30/07/2015- Adoption of Resolutions no.085-2015 and no.097-2015 modifying directives regulating associationsPER 2/2015 
  • 20/04/2016- TPP – PER 2/2016

Poland

  • 23 April 2018 – Comments on the the law ‘On specific solutions related to the organization of sessions of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in the Republic of Poland’ - OL POL 3/2018
  • 13 February 2018 - Act of 26 January 2018 amending inter alia, the Act on the Institute of National Remembrance - Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation - POL 2/2018
    Government reply: 18 April 2018

Republic of Korea

  • 7 November 2018 – Decision of the Supreme Court on conscientious objection – OL KOR 4/2018

Republic of Moldova

  • 29/07/2013- Law n°117 completing the Contravention Code MDA 4/2013
    Government reply: 08/11/2013

Russian Federation

  • 16/06/2012 – Law introducing amendments to : the Code on Administrative Violations, and Federal Law on Assemblies, Meetings, Demonstrations, Processions and PicketingRUS 4/2012
  • 11/07/2012 – Draft law on Introducing Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Regarding the Regulation of Activities of Non-commercial Organizations Performing the Functions of Foreign Agents RUS 5/2012
    Government reply: 23/07/2012
  • 12/12/2012 – Draft federal law No. 44554-6 introducing amendments to the Code on Administrative Offences RUS 8/2012
    Government reply: 24/01/2013
  • 13/06/2013- Law on Introducing Amendments to Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation ( Regulating Activities of Non-commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents) RUS 3/2013
  • 18/12/2013 – Law on Introducing Amendments to Legislative Acts (in part regulating Activities of Non-Commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents)RUS 13/2013
    Government reply: 19/02/2014
  • 20/06/2014 – Law on Non-commercial Organizations which Carry Functions of Foreign Agents RUS 5/2014 Government reply: 25/08/2014
  • 28/07/2016- "Yarovaya Law" - RUS 7/2016
  • 5 February 2018: Amendments to Foreign Agents Media Law – RUS 2/2018
    Government reply: 6 April 2018

Sierra Leone

  • 22 February 2018: New policy on NGO regulation –  SLE 1/2018

South Sudan

  • 04/12/2013 – Non-Governmental Organization BillSSD 1/2013  
  • 23/10/2014- Non-Governmental Organizations Bill -  SSD 1/2014
  • 29/07/2015- Entry into-force of Non-Governmental Organizations Bill SSD 1/2015

Spain

Sudan

  • 15/08/2013- Amendments to the Legislation on the Armed ForcesSDN 6/2013

Tajikistan

  • 03/12/2014-  Amendments to Law on Public Associations - TJK 6/2014  
  • 03/05/2016- Law on Public Associations – TJK 2/2016
    Government reply: 23/06/2016

Thailand

The Netherlands

Tunisia

  • 21/11/2012 – New constitution TUN 5/2012
  • 24/07/2015- Draft law no.2015-22 on counter-terrorism  – TUN 1/2015

Twitter

  • 10 December 2018-  Action against Twitter users for postings related to Kashmir – OL OTH 70/2018

Uganda

  • 15/06/2012 – Public Order Management Bill UGA 4/2012
  • 21/02/2013 – Draft on (anti) homosexuality legislation- UGA 6/2012
  • 17/12/2013- Public Order Management Act-UGA 1/2013
  • 04/02/2014 – Revised version of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill UGA 1/2014
    Government reply: 21/02/2014

Ukraine

  • 09/06/2015- Adoption of Parliament Resolution requesting derogation from certain rights protected by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention on Human RightsUKR 1/2015
  • 16/11/2015- Decree banning journalists and bloggers from reporting in the country on grounds of “threats to national security”UKR 6/2015

United Arab Emirates

  • 04/12/2012 – Federal Legal Decree No. 5/2012, amending the 2006 Cybercrime Law ARE 8/2012
  • 07/11/2013 – Implementation of the new law on Cyber Crime ARE 5/2013

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Republic of Tanzania

  • 26 October 2018 – Draft amendments to the Statistics Act - OL TZA 4/2018

United States of America

Venezuela

Viet Nam

  • 01/10/2013 - Decree on the Management, Provision, Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (known as “Decree 72”) - VNM 7/2013
    Government reply: 10/01/2014
  • 20/04/2016 – Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement- VNM 2/2016

20 November 2018