Report on sports and healthy lifestyles as contributing factors to the right to health

4 April 2016
Special Rapporteur on the right to health
At the Human Rights Council’s 32nd session


The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 26/18 which requests the Special Rapporteur, in consultation with States, UN entities, and relevant stakeholders, to carry out a study and prepare a report on the theme “Sport and healthy lifestyles as contributing factors to the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.”

The report explores the obligations of Member States of the United Nations and non-State actors regarding sport and healthy lifestyles as contributing factors to the right to health. The report looks at sport and physical activity in particular, and identifies the vital role that private corporations and sporting organizations (including international sporting bodies) play in securing realization of the right to health through sport and healthy lifestyles.

These entities should ensure that their policies and programmes, including those around major sporting events, do not undermine health rights, and are in accord with international human rights law. In particular, they should remove any requirement for women athletes, including intersex and transgender women athletes, to undergo unnecessary medical procedures in order to participate in competitive sport (international sporting bodies).

Inputs received


  1. Argentina (Spanish)
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Bosnia-Herzegovina
  4. Brazil (Portuguese)
  5. Brunei
  6. Bulgaria
  7. Finland
  8. Georgia
  9. Greece
  10. Honduras (Spanish)
  11. Israel
  12. Mali
  13. Malta
  14. Mauritius
  15. Morocco
  16. Peru (Spanish)
  17. Portugal
  18. Qatar
  19. Saudi Arabia
  20. Slovenia
  21. Tunisia
  22. Turkey
  23. Ukraine (Russian)
  24. United States of America


  1. Framework Convention Alliance for Tobacco Control (FCWTC)
  2. International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  3. Palladium Group
  4. Stanford University
  5. UN Office on Sport for Development and Peace (UNOSDP)
  6. World Cancer Research Fund International (WCRFI)