Country visit to Ghana: inputs received

1 April 2019
Submissions available below
Issued by:
The Special Rapporteur for extreme poverty
To inform the country visit to Ghana
At the 38th session of the HRC, A/HRC/38/33/Add.2


The United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, Philip Alston, conducted an official country visit to Ghana from 9 to 18 April 2018 to examine the situation relating to people living in extreme poverty and to assess the impact on the realisation of their human rights.

The Special Rapporteur presented the report on his visit to the Human Rights Council at its 38th session in June 2018.


Ghana remains a champion of democracy in Africa, with power having regularly changed hands democratically since 1992. In development terms, its record of achieving certain Millennium Development Goals by 2015 is impressive. In the period ahead, it is set to become Africa's fastest-growing economy in 2018.

But there is another side to the coin. Inequality is higher than it has ever been in Ghana, while almost 1 person in 4 lives in poverty and 1 in 12 lives in extreme poverty. Spending on social protection is very low by the standards of comparable African countries and remarkably little is spent on social assistance. Ghana has a number of admirable social programmes, but few convincing plans for funding many of them adequately. As a result, a large number of Ghanaians do not enjoy their basic economic and social human rights.

Inputs received

The Special Rapporteur invited individuals who work on or experience poverty in Ghana, non-governmental organisations, activists, and scholars to provide input for the preparation of his visit. Submissions addressed topics such as:

  • The nature of poverty and inequality in Ghana, including prevalence, distribution etc.
  • What are the major challenges confronting those living in poverty in Ghana?
  • What are the most severe human rights-related problems that people living in poverty and extreme poverty in Ghana experience? Please provide examples.
  • How does poverty in Ghana intersect with civil and political rights, as well as with economic, social and cultural rights? Please provide examples.
  • What role do the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, as well as multi-national or domestic corporations play in relation to poverty alleviation?
  • What regions, districts, cities, or municipalities in Ghana should the Special Rapporteur visit given the severity of problems relating to the intersection of poverty and human rights?
  • Which individuals and organisations should the Special Rapporteur meet with during his country visit to Ghana?

The inputs received are listed below: