Purpose of the mandate
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, without distinction of any kind. Yet in all regions of the world, there are acts of violence and discrimination committed against individuals because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
To address this concern, the UN Human Rights Council created the mandate of Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (also referred to as the Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, or the "IE SOGI").
About the mandate
Created through Human Rights Council resolution
32/2 in June 2016 for an initial period of three years, the mandate was renewed in June 2019 under resolution
Learn more about
Current mandate holder
Victor Madrigal-Borloz was appointed as UN Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity in late 2017. His initial three-year term started on 1 January 2018. He is the second Independent Expert to serve in this capacity.
A Costa Rican jurist, Mr. Madrigal-Borloz is a senior visiting researcher at Harvard Law School’s Human Rights Program, in residence at Harvard Law School from July 2019 to December 2020.
Read Victor Madrigal-Borloz’s full biography.
Impact of COVID-19 on LGBT persons – key findings (2020)
ASPIRE Guidelines on COVID-19
So-called conversion therapy practices – key findings (2020)
Socio-cultural and economic inclusion – key findings (2019)
Gender identity – key findings (2018)
Latest thematic reports
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the human rights of LGBT persons: Drawing on anecdotal input from over 1000 individuals from more than 100 countries, this report discusses the detrimental impact of the pandemic on LGBT populations worldwide. The Independent Expert urges States to create measures that ensure that pandemic responses are free from violence and discrimination against LGBT persons.
View report page |
View easy-to-read summary | View document
So-called conversion therapy: The Independent Expert examines these harmful practices, their human rights implications and their connection with violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. He concludes that conversion therapy practices lead to psychological and physical pain and suffering, and he calls for a global ban.
View report page |
View key findings | View document
Latest country visits
Ukraine (30 April to 10 May 2019)
Mozambique (3 to 10 December 2018)