Información útil

OACDH Programa de Derechos Humanos
para Asia Pacífico

Mandatos por países establecidos
por la CHR/CDH

Invitación abierta a los Procedimientos Especiales

Miembros regionales del Consejo de Derechos Humanos:

Afghanistán 2020

Australia 2020

Bangladesh 2021

China 2019

Fiji 2021

India 2021

Japón 2019

Nepal 2020

Pakistán 2020

Filipinas 2021

Compromisos y contribuciones voluntarias

Calendario de eventos


Informe 2019 de derechos humanos de la ONU Informe 2019 de derechos humanos de la ONU *
OHCHR Management Plan 2014-2017 Plan estratégico de gestión de la OACDH 2014-2017 *
Derechos humanos en acción Derechos humanos en acción (PDF)*
Manual para las ONG Manual para las ONG (PDF)

OACDH - Oficina Regional del Sureste Asiático (2008-2009)

Human rights context

The Regional Office in Bangkok covers Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Viet Nam.

Southeast Asia faces diverse human rights challenges. For the next biennium, impunity will remain a serious concern. Some government and non-governmental institutions in the region suffer from structural weaknesses in addressing violations of human rights committed by State agents. Sexual exploitation of children and human trafficking are common regional problems. The lack of specific and human rights-based legislation on human trafficking and on the exploitation of women and children is a major obstacle to tackling these issues. Although Southeast Asia is one of the most ethnically diverse regions in the world, protection mechanisms are not in place to promote and protect the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples. The issue of statelessness and the lack of protection for internally displaced persons and refugees have not been adequately addressed, but an ASEAN framework on migrant labour is being developed. Internal armed conflict affects several countries in the region, and there are no mechanisms to respond to its consequences. ASEAN has made formal declarations of support for human rights education, but these need to be translated into national policies, programmes or projects.

Although national human rights commissions have been established in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, some of them lack political support from their respective governments and the strength to effectively monitor human rights violations. Existing civil society organizations find it difficult to win ASEAN’s recognition to become part of the decision-making process at the regional level; in some States, they face censorship and restrictions on their freedom of expression.

Asia is the only continent to have no regional human rights mechanism. The adoption of the new ASEAN Charter in November 2007 will open a new window of opportunity for the development of a dedicated ASEAN mechanism to promote and protect human rights.

A considerable number of international human rights instruments have yet to be ratified by ASEAN Member States; and the recommendations made by treaty bodies and special procedures are often not implemented.



The Regional Office in Bangkok worked in partnership with its counterparts in the region, including the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), UN agencies, the donor community, ASEAN Member States and civil society organizations, in several programmes and activities related to the protection of migrant workers, building the capacity of NGOs in monitoring and reporting, and analyzing the region’s human rights situation.

During 2006 and 2007, the Regional Office focused on establishing an ASEAN human rights mechanism. The first draft of the ASEAN Charter,which was approved at the 40th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on 29 July 2007 in Manila, the Philippines, includes a provision relating to the establishment of an “ASEAN Human Rights Body”. The Charter was endorsed at the 13th ASEAN Summit in November 2007 in Singapore.

The Regional Office and the diplomatic communities of ASEAN countries discussed human rights protection and promotion activities in the concerned States and in the region as a whole. The Office works with each ASEAN Member State to tailor responses to that country’s particular human rights problem.


For the 2008-2009 biennium, the Regional Office will focus on implementing recommendations of international treaty body mechanisms and special procedures; establishing an ASEAN human rights mechanism; launching capacity-building programmes in the administration of justice, legislative reform and human rights education in Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam; preparing for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in the region; and building the capacity of the UN system to promote and protect human rights in Myanmar.

Activities will include preparing tools to be made available to governments, national human rights institutions and civil society organizations to overcome obstacles in implementing treaty body recommendations in Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam; providing support to civil society organizations to increase their contributions to the implementation of treaty body recommendations; developing advocacy tools to encourage follow-up to the recommendations and communications from special procedures; providing expert advice to increase compliance with international human rights instruments through the domestic legislation of ASEAN Member States; building the capacities of national human rights institutions in the region; providing technical support to establish a regional human rights mechanism within the ASEAN Charter; and providing support to the UN system in order to achieve a structured, consistent and human rights-based approach to the promotion and protection of human rights in Myanmar.


Sede principal

División de Creación de Capacidad y de Operaciones sobre el Terreno
El contacto se encuentra en Ginebra, Suiza.

Unidad para Asia y el Pacífico
Teléfono: +41 22 928 9650

Oficinas/Centros Regionales

Officer in charge
Tel: 679 3310 46565
Fax: 679 3310 485
Address: Level 5, Kadavu House, Victoria Parade, Suva, Fiji

Sureste Asiático
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Regional Office for South East Asia
6th Floor, United Nations Buidling, Rachadamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200,
Tel. +66 2 288 1235,
Fax: +66 2 288 1039

UNDG-HRM Regional Human Rights Adviser
UNDG Asia and the Pacific
UN Service Building, 3rd Floor, Room 326
Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200 Thailand
Office: +66-2-304-9100 Ext. 5222
Skype: h.alefsen

Otras Oficinas de la OACDH en la Región de Asia y el Pacífico

Sri Lanka
Timor Leste

Artículos de interés

Human rights meeting in the Asia-Pacific region

Enlaces externos

Corte Penal Internacional

Convenciones de Ginebra

Convenios de la OIT

Conveciones de los Refugiados

Instituciones Nacionales/a>

Nota : La OACDH no se responsabiliza del contenido de los enlaces externos.