Información útil

Programa de Derechos Humanos de la OACDH para la Región de Europa y Asia Central

Mandatos por países establecidos
por la CHR/CDH

Invitación abierta a los Procedimientos Especiales

Miembros regionales del Consejo de Derechos Humanos:

Austria 2021

Bulgaria 2021

Croacia 2019

República Checa 2021

Dinamarce 2021

Islandia 2019

Italia 2021

Hungría 2019

Eslovaquia 2020

España 2020

Ucrania 2020

Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte 2019

Compromisos y contribuciones voluntarias

Calendario de eventos


Informe 2019 de derechos humanos de la ONU Informe 2019 de derechos humanos de la ONU *
Plan estratégico de gestión del ACNUDH 2018-2021 Plan estratégico de gestión del ACNUDH 2018-2021*
Derechos humanos en acción Derechos humanos en acción (PDF)*
Manual para las ONG Manual para las ONG (PDF) *

OACDH – Oficina Regional en Asia Central

Human Rights Context

The five States of Central Asia share many features and challenges, partly because of their shared history and the legacy of the Soviet Union, and because of their geographic proximity. Yet, since each country has developed in its own way since independence, specific and targeted activities need to be developed for each country.

There are no regional human rights mechanisms in Central Asia, and few international organizations focus their work exclusively on human rights issues. OHCHR can therefore play a key role in raising awareness about human rights. The establishment of the Regional Office is crucial for realizing OHCHR’s goal of active country engagement.

Major human rights concerns as identified by UN human rights mechanisms include allegations of the widespread use of torture; arbitrary detention; the absence of an independent judiciary and violations of fair trial principles; harassment and persecution of civil society organizations, human rights defenders and political opponents; violations of the right to seek asylum and of the nonrefoulement principle; domestic violence and violations of women's rights; child labour; serious obstacles to the enjoyment of freedom of expression, association, information, and movement; limitations on the enjoyment of religious freedoms; poverty and violations of a wide range of social and economic rights, including the right to social security and to an adequate standard of living, in particular its component rights to adequate housing and water.

The 2006-2007 biennium saw a number of positive developments: the change in leadership in Turkmenistan has created an opportunity for better engagement with this country, and Kazakhstan became the first Central Asian State to sign the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture. The High Commissioner visited Central Asia in April and May 2007 with the aim of discussing human rights needs in the region and how the future Regional Office for Central Asia could help meet those needs. 


In June 2006, a Regional Representative was deployed to Central Asia to establish the Regional Office. At the time of writing, negotiations on the establishment of the Regional Office were ongoing. OHCHR hopes that they will be completed by early 2008, and that the Regional Office will be fully functional during the 2008-2009 biennium.

Despite this delay, OHCHR was able to increase its engagement on a number of key issues in the region. The Office promoted ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture. Two round tables on the subject were held with the participation of international experts and resulting materials were published and disseminated. Working with the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, OHCHR organized a regional seminar on follow-up to the Committee’s concluding observations. The Office also carried out protection and promotion work and cooperated with the UN human rights special procedures and treaty bodies.

Before the closure of the UN Tajikistan Office of Peacebuilding in July 2007, OHCHR continued to support the activities of its human rights component through a national programme officer working under the supervision of the Central Asia regional representative and funded through the regional project. The regional project implemented a number of human rights activities in Tajikistan, ranging from human rights education, treaty body reporting and implementation support to training for judges and lawyers. At the time of writing, OHCHR was cooperating with UNDP and other organizations active in the region, in particular OSCE, to continue providing human rights support to the country. At the request of the Government, OHCHR and UNDP are supporting Tajikistan’s efforts to establish an independent national human rights institution. Once the Regional Office is formally established, it will support a smaller presence in the country to allow for monitoring and protection work to continue. The unit would continue a number of initiatives in human rights education, and expand into new priority areas, such as violence against women, torture and housing rights. It would also respond to government requests for support, particularly for establishing an independent national human rights institution.

In Turkmenistan, a joint OHCHR/UNDP project to support the country in its treaty body reporting started in May 2006. The Government set up an inter-ministerial committee to be led by the National Institute for Democracy and Human Rights and started work on preparing reports to be submitted to the treaty bodies. The committee is gathering additional information under the Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and will prepare the country’s report under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The reports under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention against Torture are also due. Agreement was reached with the Government to begin a new project in mid-2008, in cooperation with UNDP, to focus on implementing recommendations that emerge from the various human rights bodies.


OHCHR’s strategy in Central Asia focuses mostly on efforts to end impunity for torture, violence against women and infringements on the rights of other vulnerable groups. One way to achieve this will be through ensuring greater access to legal services. The Regional Office will also continue to raise awareness about economic, cultural and social rights, and about UN human rights complaint mechanisms, including special procedures and treaty bodies, and will work to improve the effectiveness of the treaty body reporting system.

OHCHR will assist UN Country Teams in implementing a human rights-based approach in all areas of their work. Improved partnerships with Country Teams will help bolster the effectiveness of UN human rights mechanisms and will remain one of the cornerstones of OHCHR’s engagement in the region.

The Regional Office will seek to increase its oversight and supervisory capacity for joint activities with donors and key actors from the international community, and will conduct regular field visits to the countries in the region where joint activities and programmes are being implemented. The Office will also work with the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy to engage relevant political and security organizations and States with significant leverage and influence in the region.


Sede principal

División de Creación de Capacidad y de Operaciones sobre el Terreno
El contacto se encuentra en Ginebra, Suiza.

Unidad de Europa y Asia Central

Oficinas/Centros Regionales


Asia Central

Otras Oficinas de la OACDH en la Región de Europa y Asia Central

Bosnia y Herzegovina
Federación de Rusia

Artículos de interés


Enlaces externos

Convenciones de Ginebra

Convenios de la OIT

Convenciones sobre los refugiados

Consejo de Europa

Unión Europea

Organización de los Estados Americanos

Corte Penal Internacional

Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa

Fondo Monetario Internacional/a>

Banco Mundial

Instituciones Nacionales

Nota : La OACDH no se responsabiliza del contenido de los enlaces externos.